6. Monitoring & Evaluation

Natural Resources and Energy

This set of indicators monitors the energy production from RES and natural resources’ consumption for energy purposes.

Definition

This indicator is the ratio between the electricity produced from renewable energy sources and the gross electricity consumption for a given calendar year. It measures the contribution of electricity generated from RES to the regional/local electricity consumption. 
 

Electricity generated by RES comprises the electricity generation from hydro plants (excluding pumping), wind, solar, geothermal and electricity from biomass/wastes. Gross regional/local electricity consumption comprises the total electricity generation from all fuels (including auto production), plus electricity imports, minus exports.

 

Purpose/Relevance

RES, as well as significant opportunities for energy efficiency, exist widely -in contrast to other energy sources which might be concentrated in limited geographical areas/countries. Rapid deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency, and the technological diversification of energy sources result in increased energy security and economic benefits.

 

Unit

%  RES production share to the gross electricity consumption

 

Indicative data sources

EurostatEU funded projects’ databaseIRENA databaseWorld BankInspire GeoportalOECD,  National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

Definition

This indicator measures fossil fuels savings due to the development of RES and energy efficiency projects. 

 

Purpose/Relevance

Fossil fuel is a generic term defining non-renewable carbon-based energy sources such as solid fuels, natural gas and oil. Burning fossil fuels for energy presents a large number of negative environmental and socio-economic impacts. The substitution of fossil fuel by alternative (clean) fuels, such as local renewable resources, may result in sustainable rural development, energy security and environmental protection.

 

Unit

Mtoe

 

Indicative data sources

EurostatEU funded projects’ databaseThe World BankOECD,  Eurobserv’ER, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

Definition

This indicator measures the amount of thermal energy generated by a RES plant (biomass, solar, geothermal, etc.), for immediate use or for storage in a thermal ''battery'' for later use.

 

Purpose/Relevance

Renewable heat refers to the renewable generation of thermal energy (e.g. replacing a fossil fuel boiler using concentrating solar thermal energy to feed radiators). This indicator aims to measure any increase of thermal energy from renewable resources embedded into the local energy system.

 

Unit

kWh/y or Mtoe/y

 

Indicative data sources

EurostatEU funded projects’ databaseGeothermal District HeatingBioenergy Europe, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

Definition

A bioenergy supply chain describes the flow of materials derived from biological sources (e.g. wood biomass) to its eventual energy end-use. Along the way, these materials pass through a series of processes, constituting the biomass supply chain. Various segments of the bioenergy supply chain require specialised skills, knowledge, technology and activity. These may include harvesting, transporting, aggregating, storing and converting biomass. Depending on the type of raw material and the conversion technology, pre-processing may be a necessary step along the pathway from source to energy use.

 

This indicator measures the amount of energy produced through the bioenergy supply chain.

 

Purpose/Relevance

One of the main advantages of the bioenergy potential is that it often constitutes a by-product, residue or waste-product, of other processes, such as farming, forestry, tourism etc. This indicator, apart from measuring the biofuels production, could also indicate the bioenergy industry development. 

 

Unit

L or kWh or Mtoe or % share of biofuels production to the total energy needs

 

Indicative data sources

EurostatEU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

 
Definition

The indicator captures the amount of exported energy produced from local resources. The sub-sectors that formulate the energy exports potential are solar thermal, geothermal, photovoltaic, wind power, biomass, hydropower etc.

 

Purpose/Relevance

A local energy economy approach linking local energy generation to local energy use is a crucial step for developing sustainable communities. In that sense, the purpose of this indicator is to identify a number of energy resources which should be firstly exploited to cover the energy needs at a local level. 

 

Unit

kWh/y or Mtoe/y or %share to the total local energy needs

 

Indicative data sources

EurostatEU funded projects’ databaseInspire Geoportal, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

Energy consumption

This set of indicators monitors the energy consumption and savings, through the adoption of energy efficiency measures.

Definition

The indicator measures the total energy demand of a community, city, region or building. It covers the consumption of the energy sector itself, losses during transformation and distribution of energy (for example, from oil or gas into electricity) and the final consumption by end-users. It excludes energy carriers used for non-energy purposes (such as petroleum not used for combustion but for producing plastics).

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator is used to identify the energy needs.

 

Unit

kWh/y or Mtoe/y

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, European Environment Agency, INSPIRE Geoportal, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

 
Definition

Final energy consumption is the total energy consumed by end users. It is the energy which reaches the final consumer and excludes the share which is used by the energy sector itself. This indicator describes quantities consumed by private households, commerce, public administration, services, agriculture and fisheries.

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator expresses the energy consumption for the major energy end-use sectors (residential, commercial, tourism, industrial and transportation).

 

Unit

kWh/y or Mtoe/y

 

Indicative data sources

European Environment Agency, Eurostat, EU funded projects’ database, Inspire Geoportal, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

Definition

The indicator measures the reduction of energy required to provide products and services, as a result of the adoption of energy efficiency measures (e.g. energy saved by installing building energy management systems, energy saved through the adoption of energy efficiency measures in public lighting).

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator is selected to monitor and evaluate the overall impact of all energy efficiency measures implemented.

 

Unit

kWh/y or Mtoe/y

 

Indicative data sources

EurostatIntelligent Metering, EU funded projects’ database, European Environmental Agency, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys