6. Monitoring & Evaluation

Environmental quality

This set of indicators monitors properties and characteristics of the local environment (i.e. air quality or pollution, noise), reflecting the effects derived from the implementation of RES or energy efficiency projects.

Definition

This indicator measures the emissions of the six main greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs), which have a direct impact on climate change (CO2, CH4, NOx, HFCs, PFCs, SF6).

 

Purpose/Relevance

The increase of greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere contributes to global warming, which is a major global challenge to sustainable development. The indicator also provides information about the level of accomplishment towards the global commitments, for the countries committed to reduce or stabilize their GHG emissions, under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

 

Unit
Tonnes of CO2 equivalent (on yearly basis)

 

Indicative data sources
United Nations, European Environmental Agency, Eurostat, Inspire Geoportal, EU funded projects’ database, IRENA database, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

 

Note

The Europe 2020 strategy, adopted by the European Council on 17 June 2010, is the EU's agenda for growth and jobs for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to overcome the structural weaknesses in Europe's economy, improve its competitiveness and productivity and underpin a sustainable social market economy. Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU, has created eight headline indicators and three sub-indicators to monitor progress towards the Europe 2020 strategy targets.

Definition

Air pollution travels over long distances and over local boundaries, causing damage to human health and ecosystems. This type of indicator is defined as yearly average concentration at surface level in μg/m3 (e.g. PM10: particulate matter with a diameter of 10 micrometers or less).

 

Purpose/Relevance

This set of indicators tries to measure the degree of reductions in emissions towards healthier natural living environment. Moreover, the indicator provides information on the integration of the EU’s air policy.

 

Unit
μg/m3 (average concentration)

 

Indicative data sources
European Environment Agency, Inspire Geoportal, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

Definition

This indicator measures the average number of exceedance times (in annual basis) with noise levels greater than 55 decibels (dB) Lden

Lden is the common EU indicator that corresponds to the average noise level throughout the day, evening and night, to which a citizen is exposed over the period of a year.

 

Purpose/Relevance

Environmental noise pollution relates to noise caused by road, rail and airport traffic, industry, construction, as well as some other outdoor activities. It is a pervasive pollutant that directly affects the health and well-being of exposed humans and wildlife.

 

Unit

Number of people in the EU exposed to noise levels above Lden (55 db)

 

Indicative data sources

European Environment AgencyNoise Observation and Information Service for Europe (NOISE) viewer, Inspire Geoportal, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

Definition

This indicator measures the potential of waste that can be exploited as an energy resource (e.g. Used Cooking Oil collection in L).

 

Purpose/Relevance

Waste-to-Energy (WtE) is a method of minimising disposal of recoverable waste, in order to maximise the use of waste as an energy resource. Most WtE processes produce electricity and/or heat directly through combustion, or produce a combustible fuel commodity, such as biofuels. This indicator is in line with Energy Union and Circular Economy strategies.

 

Unit

Mtoe or L or % waste reused

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, European Environment Agency, EU funded projects’ database, Inspire Geoportal, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys