6. Monitoring & Evaluation

Health

This set of indicators monitors the impacts of RES or energy efficiency projects to population’s life expectancy and health, related also to the exposure to air pollutants.

Definition

The indicator expresses the average life expectancy at birth for both women and men, in years.

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator represents the overall quality of the health-care system in a region. It indicates the healthiness of the living environment. Together with the aging index, it allows to assess social policies projections and risk of exclusion.

 

Unit

years

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

 

Note

The Europe 2020 strategy, adopted by the European Council on 17 June 2010, is the EU's agenda for growth and jobs for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to overcome the structural weaknesses in Europe's economy, improve its competitiveness and productivity and underpin a sustainable social market economy. Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU, has created eight headline indicators and three sub-indicators to monitor progress towards the Europe 2020 strategy targets.

Definition

The indicator presents the population percentage exposed to ambient concentrations of air pollutants (e.g. PM2.5) which exceed the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) guideline value (e.g. portion of a country’s population living in places where mean annual concentrations of PM2.5 are greater than 10 μg/m3, the guideline value recommended by WHO as the lower end of concentrations range, over which adverse health effects have been observed due to the PM2.5 exposure).

 

Purpose/Relevance

The indication of air quality is intended to inform about health risks due to air pollution, and to compare the situation before and after the implementation of RES and energy efficiency measures.

 

Unit

Population exposed to levels exceeding WHO guideline value (% of total)

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, European Environment Agency, World BankEU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

Quality of life

This set of indicators monitors the impacts of RES or energy efficiency projects to households’ income and their contribution to the fight against energy poverty.

Definition

The indicator is the amount of money which individuals (i.e. households) have available for spending or saving. This is money left after expenditure associated with the income e.g. taxes and social contributions, property ownership and provision for future pension income. It is calculated gross of any deductions for capital consumption.

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator measures the welfare of residence population in a region and reflects the level of poverty.

 

Unit

Amount in euros

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, OECD, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

Definition

This indicator constitutes the share of people with an equivalised disposable income (after tax and other social contributions) below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income after social transfers.

 

 It consists of three sub-indicators:

  • People living in households with very low work intensity: people aged 0-59, living in households where the adults work less than 20% of their total work potential during the past year. 
  • Severe material deprivation rate
  • At-risk-of-poverty rate: The number of people with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income.

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator does not measure wealth or poverty, but low income in comparison to other residents in that country, which does not necessarily imply a low standard of living.

 

Unit

Population (% of total)

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

 

Note

The Europe 2020 strategy, adopted by the European Council on 17 June 2010, is the EU's agenda for growth and jobs for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to overcome the structural weaknesses in Europe's economy, improve its competitiveness and productivity and underpin a sustainable social market economy. Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU, has created eight headline indicators and three sub-indicators to monitor progress towards the Europe 2020 strategy targets.

Definition

Energy poverty, often defined as a situation where individuals or households are not able to adequately heat or provide other required energy services in their homes, at an affordable cost. This is due to rising energy prices, recessionary impacts on national and regional economies and poor energy efficient homes. An economic translation of the indicator is the percentage of people whose share of energy expenses relative to its disposable income (income minus taxes) is higher than 10% (threshold is fixed and independent of country-specific patterns).

 

Purpose/Relevance

This is a simple indicator, easy to communicate, to measure an absolute value for energy poverty. It aims to support stakeholders in their task to protect vulnerable consumers and to address energy poverty by identifying best practices.

 

Unit

Households Affected (% of total)

 

Indicative data sources

Energy Poverty Observatory, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

 

Knowledge & Innovation

This set of indicators monitors expenditures related to research and experimental development, providing also indications about the awareness raising and capacity building efforts for renewable energy and energy efficiency topics, at local /regional level.

Definition

The indicator is defined as the population aged 25-64 with tertiary education, as a percentage of all population aged 25-64.

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator measures the highly-qualified labor force, as a basis for future Research and Development (R&D) activities. Human capital is an essential factor for growth and innovation potential. 

 

Unit

% of population aged 25-64

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, OECD, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys 

Definition

The indicator is the total gross domestic expenditure on research and experimental development (GERD), as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) per year.

 

Purpose/Relevance

R&D expenditure represents one of the major drivers of economic growth in a knowledge-based economy. As such, trends in the R&D expenditure indicator provide key indications of the future competitiveness and wealth of the EU. GERD includes expenditure from business enterprise, higher education, government and private non-profit expenditure on R&D. The indicator measures the key R&D investments that support future competitiveness and result in higher GDP.

 

Unit

% of GDP

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, EU funded projects’ database, OECD, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

 

Note

The Europe 2020 strategy, adopted by the European Council on 17 June 2010, is the EU's agenda for growth and jobs for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to overcome the structural weaknesses in Europe's economy, improve its competitiveness and productivity and underpin a sustainable social market economy. Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU, has created eight headline indicators and three sub-indicators to monitor progress towards the Europe 2020 strategy targets.

 
Definition

The indicator refers to the number of participants in public awareness-raising events and it is related to measuring performance and impacts of the project.

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator is used to provide an indication of the efforts made by project partners to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency at the beginning, during and at the end of a project.

 

Unit

Number of people (or % of local population)

 

Indicative data sources

Region, Municipality

Definition

This indicator measures the number of participants (e.g. stakeholders, habitants, students, etc.) who have concluded training courses during a project (e.g. number of participants in Capacity Building Workshops (CBW), study visits, training courses, etc.)

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator is used to provide an indication of the efforts made by project implementers to build capacity on renewable energy and energy efficiency topics, through training activities.

 

Unit

Number of people (or % of the local population)

 

Indicative data sources

State, Region, Municipality

Employment

This set of indicators monitors the impacts to employment and new green jobs creation, as result of the development of RES or energy efficiency projects.

Definition

The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of people aged 20 to 64 in employment, by the total population of the same age range (by sex).

 

Purpose/Relevance

The employment rate (i.e. the proportion of the working age population in employment) is considered as a key social indicator for analytical purposes, when studying developments within labor markets.

 

Unit

% of the population (20-64 y.o.)

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, OECD, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

 

Note

The Europe 2020 strategy, adopted by the European Council on 17 June 2010, is the EU's agenda for growth and jobs for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to overcome the structural weaknesses in Europe's economy, improve its competitiveness and productivity and underpin a sustainable social market economy. Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU, has created eight headline indicators and three sub-indicators to monitor progress towards the Europe 2020 strategy targets.

 
Definition

The indicator refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment.

 

Purpose/Relevance

High youth unemployment rates do reflect the difficulties faced by young people to find job. This indicator only refers to unemployed people aged between 15 and 24, who are part of the labor force (young people who are studying full-time and therefore are neither working nor looking for a job are not considered part of the labor force).

 

Unit

% of the labor force (15-24 y.o.)

 

Indicative data sources

OECD, Eurostat, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

Definition

This indicator measures the number of new job opportunities that would be created at a local level.

 

Purpose/Relevance

The indicator aims to express the creation of new jobs and associated contribution to the local (rural) economy.

 

Unit

Number of jobs

 

Indicative data sources

Region/Municipality, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

 

Definition

A green economy is refer to economy that improves human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. Green economy aims at sustainable development without degrading the environment. This indicator measures the number of green jobs, including jobs that help to reduce consumption of energy and raw materials, to de-carbonize the economy, protect and restore ecosystems and biodiversity and to minimize the production of waste and pollution.

 

Purpose/Relevance

This is one of the core indicators to measure how the inclusion of RES and energy efficiency measures, as horizontal mandate for development planning will influence employment and new jobs creation. This indicator is also focused on the jobs of the value chain in the region/country, where the green economy is promoted (e.g. full direct jobs equivalents along the full value supply chain). 

 

Unit

Employment (% of total)

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys 

Definition

This indicator refers to the share of employees working in tourism related employment to the total employment. 

 

Purpose/Relevance

The importance of the tourism employment indicator is recognised, due to: the continuous growth of tourism in the last decades; the economic contribution of tourism to national economies; general recognition of tourism, as a major job generator, especially for youth, unqualified workers, etc. 

 

Unit

% of employment

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, UNWTO:Tourism Satellite Account, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, Research Institutes, National/regional surveys

Definition

This indicator refers to the share of employment in different sectors, as below.

Agriculture, industry and construction: Mining and quarrying; Manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply, sewerage and waste management; Construction. 
 

Services: Market services: Wholesale and retail trade; Accommodation and food service activities; Communication; Financial and insurance activities; Real estate activities; Professional scientific and technical activities; Administrative and support service activities. 
 

Non-market services: Public administration; Education; Health; Arts, entertainment and recreation; Other services’ activities; Activities of households as employers; Activities of extraterritorial organisations. 

 

Purpose/Relevance

Regional sector specialisation is broadly understood to be the extent to which particular economic sectors attract larger shares of employment or output, in one region as compared with another. 

 

Unit

% of employment

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, EU funded projects’ database, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys 

Population

This set of indicators monitors the population influenced during/by the development of RES or energy efficiency projects.

Definition

The total number of people inhabiting a country, city, or any district or area.

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator is used to provide clear indication of the population, influenced by the RES and EE projects’ implementation.

 

Unit

Number of residents

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

Definition

This indicator refers to the share of people aged 20-64 to the total population.

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator measures working age percentage, out of total population. Together with the employment rate is the best indicator to measure labor market conditions. The Europe 2020 headline target is that 75% of the population aged 20-64 should be employed by 2020.

 

Unit

% of the total population

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, Pordata, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys

Definition

The indicator is defined as the ratio of the population aged 64 and above divided by the population of 15 years and below.

 

Purpose/Relevance

This indicator measures the balance of the age structure of the society.

 

Unit

% (ratio)

 

Indicative data sources

Eurostat, National Statistical Services, National/regional surveys